c binary search

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c binary search
// C program to implement recursive Binary Search
#include 
  
// A recursive binary search function. It returns
// location of x in given array arr[l..r] is present,
// otherwise -1
int binarySearch(int arr[], int l, int r, int x)
{
    if (r >= l) {
        int mid = l + (r - l) / 2;
  
        // If the element is present at the middle
        // itself
        if (arr[mid] == x)
            return mid;
  
        // If element is smaller than mid, then
        // it can only be present in left subarray
        if (arr[mid] > x)
            return binarySearch(arr, l, mid - 1, x);
  
        // Else the element can only be present
        // in right subarray
        return binarySearch(arr, mid + 1, r, x);
    }
  
    // We reach here when element is not
    // present in array
    return -1;
}
  
int main(void)
{
    int arr[] = { 2, 3, 4, 10, 40 };
    int n = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
    int x = 10;
    int result = binarySearch(arr, 0, n - 1, x);
    (result == -1)
        ? printf("Element is not present in array")
        : printf("Element is present at index %d", result);
    return 0;
}

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