Discover The 3 Major Rivers In Egypt

Egypt the nile
The Nile river was crucial to Egypt’s development as a culture and remains a central part of Egyptian culture.


The ancient land of Egypt, found on the northern facet of the African continent, is home to one of the world’s oldest civilizations. Egypt is considered the cradle of human civilization, with a loaded background that goes as considerably again as the fourth millennia BCE. The River Nile is one particular significant aspect of Egyptian record that contributed to the expansion and flourishment of the historical civilization. The river and two of its remaining distributaries count as the 3 big rivers in Egypt at the current time.

Egyptian society (both equally contemporary and historic) owes a great deal of its improvement to the Nile river. For hundreds of years, this river served as a source of irrigation that aided transform the reasonably dry place into a prosperous and lush land that could guidance agricultural actions. Today, the river continues to be a central section of Egyptian society. Up to 95% of Egyptians still live in a couple of kilometers of the Nile. This point further more alludes to the reality that the Nile is very important to Egypt’s growth as a modern society as it serves as a supply of drinking water for irrigation as perfectly as a essential route for transportation and trade.

How Quite a few Rivers Are In Egypt?

Egypt map rivers
The three significant rivers in Egypt are the Nile and its two main distributaries, the Damietta River and the Rosetta River.

Peter Hermes Furian/W3schools

The famous Nile River is the only significant river that flows all through the yr in Egypt. The Nile River has no significant lasting tributaries all over its length as it flows by Egypt. However, there are distributaries in the Nile Delta as it flows into the Mediterranean. There are also some wadis (dry channels) that may well carry some volume of water during the wet time. Right here are some points to know about the Nile River and its distributaries.

The Nile River

The historic Nile is a key river not just in Egypt but also in the globe. The Nile River is the longest river in the environment. With an approximated length of about 4,258 miles, the river’s origin begins close to the equator, and it flows by means of eleven African nations around the world, as highlighted down below:

  • Kenya
  • Tanzania
  • Uganda
  • Rwanda
  • Burundi
  • DR Congo
  • Ethiopia
  • South Sudan
  • Eritrea
  • Republic of Sudan
  • And, of training course, Egypt

The Nile River is characterized by a gradual current. It flows northwards, which is one particular of its most distinctive attributes considering that most rivers flow from North to South. The Nile is significantly critical for Sudan and Egypt because it is the principal water resource for these dry nations.

Agricultural Significance

In ancient occasions, the Nile River would flood its lender in the course of the summer season months each individual calendar year. This flooding capability is the big explanation the Nile is so important for agriculture. The flooding Nile would deposit nutrient-wealthy soil and moisture into the land, producing the crops develop and thrive. The location amongst the Nile River Delta and the Mediterranean Sea is also rich in vitamins and minerals due to the abundance of silt deposits left powering as the river flows into the sea. From as considerably out as house, just one can see the stark contrast amongst the lush inexperienced river banks of the Nile and the barren desert in the rest of the location.

Modern Importance of the Nile

Today, the Egyptian persons have created modern infrastructure close to the Nile. Dams like the Aswân Substantial Dam now assistance tame the river’s flooding and permit it to provide as a supply of hydroelectric ability for the nation. But the Nile proceeds to play a substantial part in the region’s agriculture and fishing. Canals also enable to provide water from the Nile to farms for irrigation purposes. The Nile also serves as a essential suggests of transportation in Egypt. People of Cairo now use h2o taxis, velocity boats, and ferries to get by and stay clear of the chaotic roadways of the fast growing Town.

The Nile River Distributaries

The Nile River is the only key river that flows through Egypt. Nonetheless, it divides into lesser distributaries in the Nile Delta, wherever it drains into the Mediterranean sea. In the previous, the Nile had seven distributaries. These days, only two of these distributaries continue to be. The remaining 5 distributaries no extended exist because of to silting and flood relief schemes. The 5 distributaries of the Nile River that no for a longer period movement incorporate:

  • Pelusiac
  • Tanitic
  • Mendesian
  • Sebennytic
  • Bolbitinic

The two surviving rivers had been known as the Phatnitic River and the Canopic River in the earlier. Now, they have been renamed the Damyat or the Damietta River and Rashid or the Rosetta River.

Damyat or the Damietta River:

Damietta city, North Egypt. river
The Dumyāṭ River, or Damietta River, bisects the metropolis of Damietta.


The Dumyāṭ River is found on the Mediterranean coast in the Decrease Egypt spot. This branch of the Nile bisects the town of Damietta. It flows into the Mediterranean Sea about 8 miles northeast of the Town. Even though it isn’t exactly a important river, this distributary supports fishing and agricultural pursuits in this region. A canal (The Al-Salaam Canal) was commissioned in 1979 as element of endeavours to deliver water from this distributary to the Suez Canal and Sinai region.

Rashid or the Rosetta River

Canal Nile Egypt
A dawn view for a canal coming from the river nile passing by way of fields of farm lands.


The second branch of the Nile River is identified as the Rashid or Rosetta River. In addition to supporting rice cultivation in the delta, this river is also regarded for its near association with the port metropolis of Rosetta. The Metropolis is positioned in the Nile Delta. Rosetta has a virtual monopoly on the output of delta-grown rice in the region many thanks to this arm of the Nile River.

The Nile’s Wadis

In Egypt, the Nile River is not fed by any big tributary. Further more upriver right before flowing into Egypt, two significant branches combine to kind the Single stream that flows through Egypt. These are the Blue Nile, which originates from Lake Tena in Ethiopia, and the White Nile, which originates from the Fantastic Lake region of East and Central Africa.

In the Eastern Desert Within the Egyptian location, numerous dry tributaries (also regarded as wadis) link with the Nile. The goal of these wadis is to drain runoff from the mountains together the Egyptian coastline. This usually means they only fill with h2o when it rains, and the runoff in numerous of these wadis does not even reach the Nile’s main stream at the stop of the working day. The 3 significant wadis in Egypt consist of:

  • The Wadi Abbad, which drains an area of about 2,700 square miles
  • The Wadi Shait, which drains an location of about 3,861 sq. miles
  • The Wadi El-Kharit, which drains an location of about 8,880 square miles and flows above a duration of about 162 miles.


The Nile River is the big river in Egypt. It played a critical role in the progress of historical Egypt, and it is still as related currently. The Nile does not have any significant tributaries. However, there are wadis that drain the encompassing areas as nicely as distributaries in the Nile Delta.

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