Ticks in New Jersey – W3schools


New Jersey is house to at minimum 6 species of ticks. The a few most typical ticks in New Jersey are the lone star tick, deer tick, and American pet dog tick. Of these 3, only just one is capable of transmitting Lyme ailment. 

In this article, we’ll take a closer glance at the six styles of ticks discovered in New Jersey, and how to identify them. Then, we’ll discover about the most lively situations of year for ticks, and in which you can assume to see them. Last but not least, we’ll communicate a small additional about Lyme sickness in New Jersey, and what you should really glimpse out for.

Listing of Ticks in New Jersey

1. American Canine Tick (Dermacentor variabilis)

American dog tick isolated on white background.
Very easily distinguishable from other species of tick by their sizing, American puppy ticks are the biggest of all ticks observed in New Jersey.

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American puppy ticks have significant, ovoid bodies. Women have a tan and white scutum (the plate behind the shoulders) and a brown human body, when males have all in excess of tan and white bodies. These ticks are living in fields and hunt by sitting on the recommendations of blades of grass, waiting for hosts to move by. American dog ticks are the main vectors for Rocky Mountain noticed fever, which can cause major issues in people.

2. Lone Star Tick (Amblyomma americanum)

Lone Star Tick (Amblyomma americanum) on a white background.
Despite their title, lone star ticks are not just uncovered in Texas they are between the most popular ticks in New Jersey.

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Woman lone star ticks are effortlessly identified by the solitary white dot on their backs. Males absence this dot but have brown bodies and brown legs like the girls. Lone star ticks have really large mouthparts, which implies that their bite is further than other species of ticks in New Jersey, and more usually leads to infection. These ticks are the principal vectors for ehrlichiosis, a perhaps really serious ailment.

The Groundhog Tick
One particular of the smallest ticks in New Jersey, it is not hard to guess the woodchuck tick’s favored host.

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Woodchuck ticks look incredibly similar to deer ticks, but with a single significant variation they absence black legs. These ticks normally feed on small to medium-sized animals, like woodchucks, groundhogs, badgers, foxes, squirrels, rats, and rabbits. Bites to individuals are scarce, while woodchuck ticks are vectors for the Powassan virus. In addition to missing the black legs of deer ticks, woodchuck ticks also absence their distinctive mahogany brown colour.

4. Deer Tick (Ixodes scapularis)

An adult female deer tick crawling on a piece of straw.
Deer ticks are the only ticks in New Jersey that have Lyme disease.

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Deer ticks are the most troublesome of all the ticks in New Jersey. They’re the only sort of ticks acknowledged to have Lyme disease, which they move onto humans as a result of their bite. Luckily for us, these ticks are effortlessly recognizable by their black legs and, in females, black scuta. They are the only sort of ticks with black legs. If bitten by a deer tick, diligently check the place all over the bite for the look of a bullseye-shaped rash. If you recognize this rash or any other signs and symptoms of Lyme sickness, call your physician suitable absent.

5. Asian Longhorned Tick (Haemaphysalis longicornis)

Asian Longhorned Tick
Asian longhorned ticks have only been documented in the United States considering that 2017.

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Asian longhorned ticks are the only invasive species of tick in New Jersey. These ticks have red-brown bodies with purple-brown legs and quite modest heads. They prey on all the things from cows and sheep to puppies and humans. At present, researchers are not absolutely sure what habitats they choose, while it is possible that they congregate where ever there are several hosts. Bites to human beings are unusual, and these ticks do not show up to carry Lyme condition.

6. Brown Pet Tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus)

Close-up of brown dog tick crawling on human skin.
Brown doggy ticks are amid the smallest species of ticks in New Jersey.

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Just one of the smallest species of ticks in New Jersey, the brown doggy tick mainly feeds on canine. Unlike other, far more outdoorsy, species of tick, the brown puppy tick lives solely indoors. Brown doggy ticks have smaller, practically rectangular brown bodies with brown legs. Not like American dog ticks and lone star ticks, brown puppy ticks have no tan mottling. They are vectors for many canine-unique illnesses, as effectively as Rocky Mountain spotted fever, although they almost never bite humans. The ideal way to avert brown canine ticks from feeding off your canine is to treat your furry good friend with preventive tick and flea treatment.

Exactly where are Ticks Uncovered in New Jersey?

Ticks in New Jersey live in forested parts, open up fields, and the edge zones in concerning the two. Brown puppy ticks dwell indoors, near canines. Outdoors, the least difficult way to prevent ticks is by staying out of tall grasses and dense shrubs. Also, stay away from digging about in the leaf litter on forest flooring, as ticks stay and breed in these spots.

Is Lyme Disease Typical in New Jersey?

Tick Header - Tick Burrowed In
Lyme sickness is a bacterial infection that can affect any bodily program, and it is generally misdiagnosed due to the fact the signs or symptoms are so variable.

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New Jersey is third in the country (behind New York and Pennsylvania) for instances of Lyme illness. This tends to make it especially essential to understand wherever and when you could face ticks in New Jersey. Of certain importance is getting the suitable techniques for blocking tick bites. These incorporate utilizing permethrin-made up of insect repellent (only on your clothing, never your pores and skin), donning extended-sleeved shirts and extended pants, and carrying out frequent tick checks on by yourself and your companions.

What Times of Year are Ticks Most Lively in New Jersey?

Ticks in New Jersey are most energetic in the spring and summertime months. In the winter season, they either hibernate or die. Girls lay eggs in late tumble or early spring, and the larvae hatch in late spring or early summer. Ticks are most energetic in the spring and drop when temperatures are neither far too hot nor much too chilly. The large tick months in New Jersey are Might, June, and July.


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