Top 12 Water Snakes in Alabama

 Southern Water Snake:Southern water snakes are fairly common across Alabama and inhabit shallow areas of water — such as swamps, ditches, and ponds.

Queen Snake:Queen snakes inhabit shallow, rocky-bottomed streams and rivers throughout the state. 

Plain-Bellied Water Snake:The redbelly subspecies occur in the southeastern region, while the yellowbelly subspecies occur throughout the rest of the state. Both subspecies are around 30 to 40 inches long.

Northern Cottonmouth :This type of venom breaks down tissue and eventually causes tissue death. Although it is rarely fatal this venom can result in the affected limb needing to be amputated. 

 Mud Snake :They have glossy black bodies with smooth dorsal scales, while their belly has approximately 53 red bars which extend up the sides of their bodies. 

Mississippi Green Water Snake:Mississippi green water snakes are harmless snakes that inhabit Baldwin and Mobile counties in Alabama. 

Midland Water Snake: Midland water snakes are typically between 24 and 30 inches long and are a light brown ground color overlaid with dark brown crossbands.

Gulf Salt Marsh Snake:Gulf salt marsh snakes are relatively small snakes, ranging between only 15 and 30 inches. They are typically dark gray to brown and have four yellowish longitudinal stripes.

Glossy Crayfish Snake :The glossy crayfish snake is a relatively small snake at only 14 to 24 inches long. They have brown bodies with shiny scales and several narrow stripes.

Florida Green Water Snake :The Florida green water snake is considered to be a species of conservation concern in Alabama as it is only found in the Coastal Plain between Mobile Bay and Baldwin County. 

Diamond-Backed Water Snake:Another true water snake is the diamond-backed water snake which inhabits the western region of the state, particularly around the Black Warrior and Tombigbee Rivers. 

Brown Water Snake: Brown water snakes are 30 to 60 inches long and are tan with dark brown blotches down the center of their back. 

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