GitHub is a web-based platform that uses Git for version control and source code management. It provides a central location for developers to store and manage their code, collaborate with other developers, and track and manage issues and bugs.
GitHub allows developers to host their code in a remote repository, which can be accessed by anyone with the proper permissions. This makes it easy for developers to share their code with others and collaborate on projects. Developers can also fork other people’s code and make their own changes, which can then be submitted back to the original developer as a pull request.
Additionally, GitHub provides a number of other features that are useful for software development, such as:
- Issue tracking: allows developers to track and manage bugs and feature requests.
- Wiki: allows developers to create documentation for their projects.
- Pull requests: allows developers to submit changes to other people’s code for review and potential incorporation.
- Project management: allows developers to manage and prioritize tasks and milestones.
- Continuous integration and deployment: allows developers to automatically build, test, and deploy their code.
GitHub is widely used by developers and is considered to be a standard tool in the software development industry. It is also used as a platform to share open source projects.
It should also be noted that while GitHub is a web-based platform, it is owned by Microsoft since 2018.
Benefits of GitHub
Here are some of the main benefits of using GitHub:
- Version control: GitHub uses Git for version control, which allows developers to keep track of changes made to their codebase and easily revert to previous versions if necessary.
- Collaboration: GitHub makes it easy for developers to share and review code changes, making it a great tool for collaborating on projects. It also allows multiple developers to work on the same codebase simultaneously, reducing the risk of conflicts.
- Forking and pull requests: GitHub allows developers to fork other people’s code and make their own changes, which can then be submitted back to the original developer as a pull request. This makes it easy for developers to contribute to open-source projects.
- Issue tracking: GitHub provides built-in issue tracking, which allows developers to track and manage bugs and feature requests.
- Wiki: GitHub allows developers to create documentation for their projects, making it easy for new developers to get up to speed on a codebase.
- Project management: GitHub provides tools for managing and prioritizing tasks and milestones, making it easy to organize and plan development work.
- Continuous integration and deployment: GitHub allows developers to automatically build, test, and deploy their code, making it easy to ensure that code changes are thoroughly tested and ready for production.
- Community: GitHub is a large community of developers, which means that there are a lot of resources and support available. It also allows developers to discover and learn from other developers and their projects.
- Discoverability: GitHub is widely used and well-known among the software development industry, which makes it easier for developers to share, discover and contribute to open-source projects.