Female leaders in history
Cleopatra was the most famous ruler of ancient Egypt, but her power and success are often attributed to her skills as a seductress.
Hatshepsut - She ruled more than 1,300 years before Cleopatra, and paved the way for powerful female leaders in the Egyptian empire.
Queen Victoria -
Queen Victoria ruled over the British Empire for 63 years. She is one of the longest-reigning monarchs in British history.
Margaret Thatcher - She was the first women to be elected Prime Minister of Britain in 1979, and held that position for 11 years.
Queen Elizabeth I -
Queen Elizabeth I ruled over England from 1558 until 1603. She chose to stay unmarried and focused on her role as leader.
Mary Queen of Scots - She became queen when she was only a few days old and was raised to believe that she was the rightful ruler of England.
Maria Theresa of Austria -
Maria Theresa was an empress of the Hapsburg empire, ruling over a large part of Europe for 40 years.
Empress Wu Zetian -
Empress Wu Zetian was the only female emperor in Chinese history. She was alive during the Tang Dynasty and ruled from 665 to 690 CE.
Empress Dowager Cixi -
Empress Dowager Cixi was the mother of the Tongzhi Emperor who ruled as regent. Even after her son came of age, she continued to rule in his place.
Theodora was an empress of the Byzantine Empire through her marriage to Emperor Justinian I.
Artemisia was the 5th century BCE Queen of Halicarnassus, an empire located in modern-day Turkey.
Queen Boudicca of the Iceni - She is remembered as the brave warrior queen who fought against the Roman invaders.
Zenobia was a queen of the Palmyrene Empire in Syria in the 3rd century.