Top 10 types of deer disease

 Leptospirosis: is yet another zoonosis disease, meaning it can occur in both animals and humans and can be spread from one to another. It is caused by the Leptospira bacteria.

Bovine Malignant Catarrhal Fever: is considered the most susceptible to this infection. Most deer suffering from this disease die within 48 hours after the first symptoms appear. 

Chronic Wasting Disease:is a transmissible illness that can affect deer only. It’s a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy that affects the deer’s brain and nervous system.

Cutaneous Fibromas: are commonly called deer warts. They are found in wild and domestic deer and are caused by papillomaviruses or poxviruses. Most infected deer are young and usually get warts .

Johne’s disease:is also called paratuberculosis. It is a chronic and sometimes fatal infection found primarily in ruminants but identified in other animals like foxes, birds, and rabbits.

Brucellosis:is one of the animal diseases that can be transmitted to humans through unpasteurized milk, close contact with animal secretions, or undercooked meat. It can affect cattle, goats, sheep.

Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease: affects white-tailed deer but has also been detected in elk and mule deer. This infectious disease is caused by an Orbivirus virus, primarily Culidoides variipennis. 

 Parasite Infection:The most common infections are with external arthropods and internal nematodes. In the southeastern states, the large lungworm, large stomach worm, and liver fluke are the most.

Tuberculosis: can occur in most mammalian species. It’s a progressive and fatal disease that causes symptoms like coughing, weight loss, enlarged draining lymph nodes, and labored breathing.

Q fever:The study focused on 79 roe deer from the Netherlands. Eighteen deer tested positive for Coxiella burnetii. This research was conducted after the 2007 Q fever epidemic among humans.

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