Top 12 Countries That No Longer Exist in 2023

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Cherokee Nation (1794–1907):The Cherokee Nation fought a losing battle for recognition and independence from the United States.

Hawaiian Kingdom (1795–1898 disputed):This is the one exception to our rules for this list. The Hawaiian Kingdom (or Kingdom of Hawaiʻi), was founded by Kamehameha the Great after conquering .

Kingdom of Naples (1282–1816):The southern part of the Italian Peninsula was ruled by the Kingdom of Sicily until the island of Sicily was conquered by Aragon leaving the mainland territory to rule itself as the Kingdom of Naples. 

Holy Roman Empire (843–1806):The Holy Roman Empire was a confederation of principalities and kingdoms that covered most of the territory in modern-day Germany. 

Hamburg (1189–1871):Hamburg is a city that existed as a Free Imperial City by decree of the Holy Roman Emperor during the middle ages, and continued independently until 1871. 

Wallachia (1330–1859):Wallachia was formed after a local revolution against Hungarian rule. It united with Moldavia to form the United Principalities, which eventually became modern-day Romania. 

Kingdom of Galicia (410–1833):A medieval nation on the Iberian Peninsula, Galicia was founded by King Hermeric (a leader of a Germanic tribe known as the Suebi) when he asked for land from the Roman Emperor Honorius. 

Iroquois Confederacy (1450–1867):The Iroquois Confederacy was a league of five different Native American nations that was known as The Great League of Peace to its members. 

Kingdom of Imereti (1260–1810):Imereti accepted protection from the Russian Empire in 1804 to help keep invading armies out of its lands. But Imperial forces ended up seizing control of the entire country in 1810.

Papal States (752–1870):The official kingdom of the Pope. During the Renaissance, the Pope was not only the religious leader of Europe but also the most powerful secular ruler on the Italian peninsula. 

Republic of Cospaia (1440–1826):The only country on our list created due to a technicality. The Republic of Cospaia was formed after Pope Eugene IV sold land to the Republic of Florence.

Prussia (1525–1871):A successor state of the Holy Roman Empire. Prussia was the primary force in the creation of the German Empire when it united the rest of the Germanic states in 1871. 

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