Differences: Static Class vs. Singleton Patterns


When producing apps with C# in the .Web framework, you have a preference concerning two single, shared class situations. No matter whether you make your mind up to use a static search phrase or a singleton design and style sample is dependent on numerous things, which are outlined in the report under.          

Critical Differences Concerning Static Lessons and Singleton Patterns

Place simply just, a singleton is a sample even though a static course is a key phrase. This signifies you can develop 1, persistent instance throughout an application’s whole lifespan with a singleton. The nifty matter about singletons is that a single occasion can be utilized as a parameter for other procedures. On the other hand, static lessons only permit static methods and can not be handed as parameters. 

Other important variances involve:

  • Singletons can inherit from other courses, apply interfaces and allow inheritance, generating them far more versatile than static lessons.

  • You can carry out singletons asynchronously or lazily, and the .Internet framework CLR can mechanically load it. 

  • Singletons stick to Object-Oriented Concepts, allowing you tackle them polymorphically with out forcing people to presume there is only a single occasion.

  • Singletons can dispose but static classes can not.

  • Static classes are saved in the stack although singletons are stored on the heap.

  • Singletons can clone though static lessons simply cannot. 

  • Singletons can have a private constructor. 

The Singleton Pattern

Most developers concur the singleton layout sample is the best solution. They let you design and style lessons that require a one occasion, this sort of as supervisor courses, for use in caching, thread swimming pools, and logging. They’re also good for controlling shared methods such as printer spooling, wherever you want to prevent conflicting requests for a solitary source. 

Below is an implementation of a singleton that I have utilised in advance of. As you know, a singleton is a highly-effective, sleek one-occasion object. A person of its primary attributes is that it has a static home that you should entry to get the item reference.

/// /// Sample singleton item./// community sealed course SiteStructure    ///     /// Feasible an pricey resource we require to only retail outlet in a single place.    ///     item[] _knowledge = new object[10]    ///     /// Allocate ourselves. We have a private constructor, so no a person else can.    ///     static readonly SiteStructure _occasion = new SiteStructure()    ///     /// Entry SiteStructure.Occasion to get the singleton object.    /// Then connect with procedures on that instance.    ///     public static SiteStructure Instance            get  return _occasion         ///     /// This is a non-public constructor, this means no outsides have entry.    ///     non-public SiteStructure()            // Initialize members, and so on. right here.    

What Is a Static Course?

A static class is a course that can not be instantiated but also does not call for you to fiddle around creating scenarios for just about every new item. They consume less sources, and you won’t need to have to duplicate the exact class in memory. This tends to make it a helpful container for sets of techniques that solely work on output parameters and really don’t have to established or get any interior instance fields. If you only call for a utility class with many utility strategies, a static class’s easy implementation can improve application overall performance, making it a greater solution.

Its main disadvantage in comparison to singleton designs is that you can’t improve how it behaves when the course is embellished with the static keyword. Having said that, the singleton pattern’s prowess doesn’t close there. Let us take a glance at the key distinctions between the two course situations.

Static Class Case in point

In the next case in point, acquire a search at how I use a static key phrase on the class and constructor. Static lessons could be much less fiddly, but the singleton case in point has quite a few essential strengths, which we’ll get a search at just after this code block.

/// /// Static class illustration. Pay out heed to the static keywords./// static public class SiteStatic    ///     /// The details must be a static member in this case in point.    ///     static object[] _details = new object[10]    ///     /// C# doesn't determine when this constructor is operate, but it will     /// be run correct in advance of it is applied most probably.    ///     static SiteStatic()            // Initialize all of our static users.    

You can use static classes to retail store one-occasion, international data. The course can be initialized at any time, but in my experience, it’s initialized lazily — in other terms, at the very last doable second. As this kind of, you may well eliminate control over the exact behavior of the class by working with a static course.

Singleton Pros in Action

Singletons maintain the typical class tactic and really don’t need that you use the static key phrase everywhere. They may perhaps be much more demanding to put into action at initial, but they tremendously simplify your program’s architecture. Compared with static courses, it is doable to use singletons as parameters or objects.

// We want to call a perform with this construction as an item.// Get a reference from the Occasion home on the singleton.    SiteStructure internet site = SiteStructure.Occasion    OtherFunction(site) // Use singleton as parameter.

Interface Inheritance

In C#, an interface is a deal, and objects that have an interface ought to satisfy every need of that interface. Commonly, the demands are a subset of the object in problem. Here’s how we can use a singleton with an interface, which is named ISiteInterface in the illustration.

/// /// Shops signatures of several important strategies relevant to the site./// community interface ISiteInterface/// /// Skeleton of the singleton that inherits the interface./// class SiteStructure : ISiteInterface    // Implements all ISiteInterface solutions.    // [omitted]/// /// In this article is an example class where by we use a singleton with the interface./// class TestClass    ///     /// Sample.    ///     community TestClass()            // Send singleton object to any perform that can just take its interface.        SiteStructure web site = SiteStructure.Instance        CustomMethod((ISiteInterface)web site)        ///     /// Gets a singleton that adheres to the ISiteInterface interface.    ///     private void CustomMethod(ISiteInterface interfaceObject)            // Use the singleton by its interface.    

Now we can reuse our singleton for any of the implementations of interface-conforming objects. There may perhaps be 1, 2, or 10. We really don’t need to rewrite anything above and more than again. We store condition additional conventionally, use objects by their interfaces, and can use conventional item-oriented programming greatest techniques. Reusing code can handle the item state substantially additional quickly. This facilitates enormously enhanced code-sharing and an infinitely cleaner body of code. 


With fewer code, your applications are likely to have fewer bugs and are less difficult to sustain. Other rewards of singleton designs in excess of static classes are:

  • Testability: Tests singleton styles is a lot simpler than static classes 

  • Memory management: Applying a singleton class allows you choose edge of rubbish collection for managed objects

  • Dependency injection: You can’t use constructor injection with static lessons, but you can with singletons

  • Extensibility: You can have extension strategies with a singleton course but not a static class

If you want to learn additional about singleton vs. static, “C# Design Styles” by Judith Bishop is a worthwhile go through.


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